Installing Microsoft Visual C++ Redistributable for Visual Studio 2015 can help resolve the issues with game crashes. Please download and install the redistributable (vc_redist.x64.exe).
Should the issue continue please make sure that Windows is updated to at least Service Pack 1 by running Windows Update. Once fully updated, uninstall and then re-install the Visual C++ Redistributable for Visual Studio 2015.
We also recommend downloading and installing the latest Windows Updates for your system via Windows Update. Most issues with crashes, errors, or with Visual VC++ (and various software) generally are due to out-of-date Windows OS patches or service packs.
Should the issue persist, please see our Oxygen Not Included (Alpha) Troubleshooting Guide.