Installing Microsoft Visual C++ Redistributable for Visual Studio 2015 can help resolve the issues with game crashes.
First things first, we recommend downloading and installing the latest Windows Service Pack and updates/patches for your operating system via Windows Update. Most issues with crashes, errors, or with Visual VC++ (and various software) generally are due to out-of-date Windows OS patches or service packs.
Once fully updated, uninstall and then re-install the Visual C++ Redistributable for Visual Studio 2015 (vc_redist.x64.exe).
Should the issue persist, please see our Oxygen Not Included (Early Access) Troubleshooting Guide.